Migration Policy, Research and Legislation
IOM works with migrants and governments to respond to contemporary migration challenges. Having 70 years of worldwide operational experience, IOM is uniquely positioned to build on its grassroots experience and provide guidance on migration policy. IOM provides information, advice and support to further stakeholders efforts to develop effective national, regional and global migration management policies and strategies.
In pursuit of its commitment to support the GoA efforts to develop and implement new migration governance policies, IOM supported the development of the National Strategy on Migration Governance and its Action Plan (2019-2022), in line with the Migration Governance Framework (MiGoF) - a strategic framework developed by IOM and endorsed by all IOM member states (including Albania) in 2015. The strategy addresses the specific objectives defined by the GoA in the National Strategy for Development and Integration as well as supports the efforts of the GoA to achieve the SDG Target 10.7 to facilitate orderly, safe, and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies. Support is being provided for the implementation of the Strategy across several objectives, including the coordination and monitoring mechanism.
In 2010, in fulfilment of the country’s aspirations to attain visa liberalization, support has been extended to the GoA to formulate the National Strategy on the Reintegration of the Returned Albanian Citizens and its Action Plan (2010-2015). Before that, IOM supported the GoA to develop and implement the first National Strategy on Migration and its Action Plan (2005 – 2010), through financial of the European Union. In line with the National Action Plan on Migration, assistance was provided in 2007 to develop and implement the National Action Plan on Remittances. Strategic support to the government is spread across various areas of engagement and sector strategies, such as counter trafficking, diaspora engagement, labour migration and integrated border management.
One of IOM’s strategic priorities in the area of migration policy is to contribute to increased dialogue between migration stakeholders at bilateral, regional and global levels.
IOM conducts research designed to guide and inform migration policy and practice. The organization provides a unique space for consultation between researchers and policy makers. Research results are disseminated through numerous publications worldwide.
IOM’s research activities encompass several migration management topics, including migration trends and data, international migration law, migration and development, health and migration, counter-trafficking, labour migration, remittances, irregular migration, migrant smuggling, integration, and return migration. In 2020, in cooperation with INSTAT and financial support of GIZ, was finalized the Household Migration Survey (HMS). The HMS is the first of this kind in Albania; it was conducted in the entire country, with the participation of more than 20 thousand households and more than 74 thousand respondents. The work on migration data and statistics will continue in 2021 and 2022, focusing on data collection and analysis as well as migration impact to the labour market and ethical recruitment.
Dissemination and understanding both within IOM and amongst IOM counterparts of the international legal standards that govern migration and provide protection of the rights of individuals involved in migration are key objectives of the organization.
Recognition of the rights of migrants and the need for promotion and protection of these rights in the exercise of state sovereignty has been present in IOM’s constituent documents since the Organization’s foundation.
IOM in Albania continuously supports the improvement of national legislation on migration in several areas. In 2020 IOM supported the inter-institutional working group for the development of the new law “On aliens”. Before this, support was provided in 2018 for the review of the Law “On aliens” and the Law “On Emigration of Albanian Citizens for Employment Purposes”.
In order to create a common understanding of migration terms, IOM has prepared a "Glossary on Migration, designed for all those dealing with migration issues at international level.
For more information about our projects in the area of Migration Policy, Research and Legislation, please write us at: firstname.lastname@example.org